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Chanakya Niti, Chanakya Niti Chapter 6, Chanakya Niti English
1- By means of hearing one understands dharma, malignity vanishes, knowledge is acquired, and liberation from material bondage is gained.
2- Among birds the crow is vile; among beasts the dog; the ascetic whose sins is abominable, but he who blasphemes others is the worst chandala.
3- Brass is polished by ashes; copper is cleaned by tamarind; a woman, by her menses; and a river by its flow.
4- The king, the brahmana, and the ascetic yogi who go abroad are respected; but the woman who wanders is utterly ruined.
5- He who has wealth has friends- He who is wealthy has relatives- The rich one alone is called a man, and the affluent alone are respected as pandits.
6- As is the desire of Providence, so functions one’s intellect; one’s activities are also controlled by Providence; and by the will of Providence one is surrounded by helpers.
7- Time perfects all living beings as well as kills them; it alone is awake when all others are asleep- Time is insurmountable.
8- Those born blind cannot see; similarly blind are those in the grip of lust- Proud men have no perception of evil; and those bent on acquiring riches see no sin in their actions.
9- The spirit soul goes through his own course of karma and he himself suffers the good and bad results thereby accrued- By his own actions he entangles himself in samsara, and by his own efforts he extricates himself.
10- The king is obliged to accept the sins of his subjects; the purohit (priest) suffers for those of the king; a husband suffers for those of his wife; and the guru suffers for those of his pupils.
11- A father who is a chronic debtor, an adulterous mother, a beautiful wife, and an unlearned son are enemies ( in one’s own home).
12- Conciliate () a covetous () man by means of a gift, an obstinate () man with folded hands in salutation, a fool by humouring him, and a learned man by truthful words.
13- It is better to be without a kingdom than to rule over a petty one; better to be without a friend than to befriend a rascal; better to be without a disciple than to have a stupid one; and better to be without a wife than to have a bad one.
14- How can people be made happy in a petty kingdom? What peace can we expect from a rascal friend? What happiness can we have at home in the company of a bad wife? How can renown be gained by instructing an unworthy disciple?
15- Learn one thing from a lion; one from a crane; four from a cock; five from a crow; six from a dog; and three from an ass.
16- The one excellent thing that can be learned from a lion is that whatever a man intends doing should be done by him with a whole-hearted and strenuous effort.
17- The wise man should restrain his senses like the crane and accomplish his purpose with due knowledge of his place, time and ability.
18- To wake at the proper time; to take a bold stand and fight; to make a fair division (of property) among relations; and to earn one’s own bread by personal exertion are the four excellent things to be learned from a cock.
19- Union in privacy (with one’s wife); boldness; storing away useful items; watchfulness; and not easily trusting others; these five things are to be learned from a crow.
20- Contentment with little or nothing to eat although one may have a great appetite; to awaken instantly although one may be in a deep slumber; unflinching devotion to the master; and bravery; these six qualities should be learned from the dog.
21- Although an ass is tired, he continues to carry his burden; he is unmindful of cold and heat; and he is always contented; these three things should be learned from the ass.
22- He who shall practice these twenty virtues shall become invincible in all his undertakings.
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